In this section, it was agreed on the conditions of fair trade between telecommunications industries in different countries. In particular, the rules exclude measures relating to the transmission or cable distribution of radio or television programmes. Chapter 18 of the agreement deals with work and is largely limited to general statements of principle. The parties reaffirm their obligations as members of the International Labour Organization (ILO) and their obligations under the ILO Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights in the Workplace and Its Monitoring (1998) (ILO Declaration). The agreement recognizes the right of each party to set its own labour standards and to adopt or amend its labour laws accordingly, and stipulates that each party will endeavour to ensure that its laws provide for labour standards consistent with internationally recognized labour principles. a declaration of support can be made in free trade, which can be used by Australian producers and exporters and U.S. importers, if they claim that their products comply with the requirements of the Australian Free Trade Agreement. Each party ensures that its laws, regulations, procedures and general administrative decisions, which take into account all the issues covered by this agreement, are made public without delay or made available to them in one way or another to enable interested persons and the other party to know them. The section also provides for the establishment of an agriculture committee that «provides Australia and the United States with a formal opportunity to discuss a wide range of agricultural issues, including trade promotion measures; Barriers to trade And to consult the export competition. The agreement also improves Australia`s services, trade and investment prospects, improves the regulatory and investment environment between the two countries and promotes increasing business mobility.
It was not until early 2001, after the election of George W. Bush in the United States and with John Howard in power in Australia, that he became an Australia-USA. The ATF has finally taken shape. In April 2001, President Bush expressed interest in a free trade agreement with Australia, provided that «everything is on the table.» In 2004, the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade commissioned a private consulting firm – the Centre for International Economics (CIE) – to model the economic impact of such an agreement. Negotiations on the Free Trade Agreement began in March 2003 and, after six rounds of negotiations in Canberra, Hawaii and Washington, D.C, the text was finally adopted in February 2004 and signed in May 2004 in Washington by Australian Trade Minister Mark Vaile and U.S. Trade Representative Robert Zoellick. Latham reacted unexpectedly by subordinating laboratory support to the free trade agreement to an amendment that would protect PBS.  This effectively turned the situation around to Howard: if the government rejected the amendment as unnecessary, it opened up to assertions that it does not protect Australian interests; while he supported the amendment, he tacitly acknowledged that the initial terms of the agreement were insufficient.