This agreement is a response to an ecological crisis that hit Southeast Asia in the late 1990s. The crisis was caused mainly by the grubbing up of agricultural land by open combustion islets on the island of Sumatra, Indonesia. Satellite images confirmed the presence of hotspots in Kalimantan/Borneo, Sumatra, the Malay Peninsula and other locations, where an estimated 45,000 square kilometres of forest and land were burned. [3] Malaysia, Singapore and, to some extent, Thailand and Brunei were particularly hard hit. Indonesia was the last ASEAN country to ratify the agreement in 2014, twelve years after it was first signed in 2002. [10] Concerns remain about the Indonesian government`s ability to monitor and change the problem. The formal procedure or system of rules that characterizes this agreement is the «ASEAN way» of regional norms and codes characterized by principles of non-interference, consultation, consensus, silent diplomacy, symbolism and organizational minimalism. [7] The ASEAN Agreement on Haze Cross-Border Pollution is a legally binding environmental agreement signed in 2002 by the member states of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations to reduce pollution in southeast Asia. [1] The agreement recognizes that cross-border pollution caused by forest fires and/or forest fires should be mitigated by a concerted national effort and international cooperation. Since September 2014, the ten ASEAN countries have ratified the «dunst» agreement.

[2] The agreement is managed by environment ministers and other representatives of ASEAN countries. The meetings are coordinated within the ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community Council (ASCC), one of three councils that are part of the ASEAN Summit and its presidency. [6] The agreement was reached in 2002, but it has some basis in a 1990 agreement between ASEAN environment ministers, which called for efforts to harmonize practices to prevent and reduce cross-border pollution. [5] Some social magazines require you to create a personal profile and then activate your social account The treaty is poorly served by the ASEAN style of regional engagement that stubbornly protects national sovereignty. The result is that states are forced to act in their own interests and not in regional interests. In addition, the close links between the major economic players and the political elites have helped to maintain the status quo. [14] Turquality is almost annual in some ASEAN countries. Dangerous feed values generally coincide with the dry season [4] from June to September, when the southwest is in progress. South-west monsoon winds relocate the nil from Sumatra, Indonesia to the Malay Peninsula and Singapore, sometimes creating a thick tide that can last for weeks.

The contract did not prevent the annual return of low tide between 2004 and 2010 and once again in 2013, 2014 and 2015. Recently, Indonesia has become the world`s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, with 75% of its emissions due to deforestation. [11] Access to the content of society newspapers varies in our titles.