But the change is also the result of persistent, sometimes crude pressure from the Obama administration, impatient in the face of perceived South Korean opposition. In Washington, as divided in Tokyo, frustration is growing that previous agreements, which supposedly address the issue of comfort women, have been ignored by successive South Korean leaders who have tried to «move the posts out of the door.» The United States congratulated the governments of Japan and South Korea on the conclusion of the agreement. Third, the two countries agreed to take the foreign minister`s statements on Monday to confirm that «this issue is resolved definitively and irreversibly.» This was particularly important for Japan, because Japan is increasingly unhappy with «moving the doorposts» on this issue, no matter what Japan does or says. If Japan were to be creative and consider compensation and official apologies, it was essential that Tokyo be assured that the agreement reached with the current GOVERNMENT of the ROK «remains» to its successive governments. After feeling betrayed after the joint statement Japan-ROK 1998 – the president of the ROK at the time, Kim Dae-jung, promised to his Japanese counterpart, Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi, that Kim`s successor would not revive Japan`s history if Japan apologizes, but the promise was not kept when Roh Moo-hyung followed Kim – Japan is no longer ready to go out of Japan`s history to reach an agreement with Seoul , without a more explicit and formal commitment that the validity of the agreement will survive the administration in place. Liberal Moon came to power in May and won an early election, proclaimed after the impeachment of his disgraced predecessor, Park Geun-hye, whose Conservative government was criticized for failing to fully consult victims before the 2015 agreement. Tensions between Tokyo and Seoul prevented the two countries from signing an agreement to exchange sensitive military information, so they signed a three-way pact a year ago in which Seoul transmits its information to the United States, which then transmits it to Japan and vice versa. Of course, the implementation of the agreement requires a sustained commitment on the part of both governments. In Japan, Abe must ensure that some of his close advisers inside and outside the government, who have often been cowardly canons on historical issues, are not undermined by their provocative remarks. In South Korea, the already unpopular administration of the park is likely to come under heavy criticism from NGOs that support women from survivors and other political forces who do not want the government to compromise with Japan in history. While both governments are meeting their commitments, they cannot let these opposing forces derail bilateral relations by undermining the agreement.
Park «hoped that since the two governments had worked on a difficult process to reach this agreement, they would be able to work closely together to build trust and build a new relationship,» she told Abe. «The agreement cannot solve the problem of comfort women,» Moon said, calling the agreement a «political convention that excludes victims and advertising» and violates the general principles of international society, according to a statement from his office. The agreement was announced in the form of parallel statements by Japanese Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida and Korean Foreign Minister Yun Byong after months of consultations between senior officials of both sides. There are several important elements in this agreement for which Japanese and Korean officials deserve to be recognized. Japan`s Nikkei business newspaper quoted Abe as saying on Thursday that the agreement «would not even be changed by a millimetre.» Japan said on Wednesday that any attempt by South Korea to revise the 2015 agreement would render relations «uncontrollable,» with Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono saying the deal was the result of «legitimate negotiations.» But while Abe welcomed a new era in bilateral relations and his foreign minister described the agreement as historic, the